Common Mistakes


1. Not doing enough research: Today, with so many resources online at our fingertips, we can not only find the cheapest airfare, but find all the information to make sure our flights are safe, comfortable etc. Other things to consider looking into are the airlines track record on service, baggage allowance, delays, upgrades etc.

2. Buying the first cheapest: If you have at least a few days time before your trip, wait and research on different websites. Site like Farecast, forecasts if the fare is likely to go up or down on the day of your travel, therefore helping you with best time to buy. Farebuzz even meets or beats the price, if you find something cheaper than any other consolidator site. Some sites like cheapoair offer $ 5 per person up to $ 25 for a family of 5 for any flight flights, and is currently offering $ 10 off coupons on each ticket.

3. Not knowing departure time can make a difference: We all know Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays are the cheapest days to travel. What about the time of flight? Sometimes a few hours can make a good bit of difference. Just plug in different times and see.

4. Not buying in advance: Fares go up, and there are fewer choices when there are 21, 14, 7, and 3 days left before the trip. Yes you can at times find great last minute deals; these are the seats that the airline is not able to fill as it gets closer to the flight date. However you do have to be very flexible if you are counting on this type of deal.

5. Buying ticket with too many restrictions: Cheaper fares usually come with a host of restrictions, make sure you know and read about them, before the purchase. Especially if you are traveling with kids you really need to consider, what if you can not make that particular flight. Can it be changed to another flight at all? If, so what is the cost for change? Is there any sort of refund, full or partial, for a flight a later time? Is there any insurance you can buy to cover the tickets in case you can not make the flight? Travelguard offers a variety of travel insurance coverage. Travel insurance can be a good idea when traveling with children, or traveling overseas, or staying somewhere for a long period of time.

6. Ticketing Errors: Sometimes with the exclusion of the upcoming trip and having found a great deal, we might make ticketing errors. Things you need to double check before you hit the buy buttons are: spelling of your name, date of travel, the city -destination, and if are stopping by any other, airline etc. Needless to say an error even with a typo can create a big hassle at the check in.

7. Airline loyalty: Some people have a comfort zone with an Airline and do not want to try anything else; it's almost a pride for sticking with one airline for so many years. Get real. The only thing you have to stay loyal to (in this case) is your wallet. Traveling is discovery, find what other airlines have to offer, you might like it better.

8. Forgetting Discounts: Lot of us have memberships or affiliations through work, credit cards, banks or other groups that may allow us to get discounts on plane tickets. It may be direct or indirect through programs like cash back rewards. It may be a small amount, but take advantage of it, once you do, it becomes a habit, and eventually add up for a good bit of savings.

9. Using mileage just for coach only: Some of us assume that redeeming mileage is just for coach tickets. For a bit more miles you may be able to get discounted first class or business tickets.

What are some mistakes you made buying your plane tickets?


Source by Shreejana Hickman

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Europe – It's Not Just For Daydreams Anymore


A Guide on Planning a European Vacation

Ah, the magic of Ireland. The history of London. The highlands of Scotland. You've heard of them for years, seen them in the tourist commercials, and heard about them in the music. Yet you have never yet visited these dreams. And why not?

It's too expensive, you say. I could never afford a trip to Europe.

Less expensive than a week at Disneyworld, I say! For a two week Ireland vacation in summer (2006), including airfare, rental car, B & B accommodation and trip insurance, I spend about $ 1600. Yes, that's it. Now, that does not include food or souvenirs, of course, but it did include a wonderful vacation to a magical place.

So, how do you get such a deal? Well, it takes patience, research, and the ability to make decisions when you need to. I will take you through, step-by-step, how to get the best deal for a European vacation.

DECISIONS: Who, What, Where, When and Why

WHO's going? You? Your spouse? Your children or parents? Your best friend? A huge group of 20 friends (not recommended unless you want ulcers!) This decision makes a big difference in accommodation and transportation choices.

WHAT to do? Are you interested in touring the whiskey distilleries in Scotland? Or the abbeys in England? Or the pubs in Ireland? Your trip does not have to have a theme, of course, but it is more fun if you have one – and helps you to plan when your mind is a blank. Perhaps you've seen a movie or read a book set in Yorkshire, and want to tour the area? Or you dance and want to learn step dancing in Ireland? The imagination can take flight here!

WHERE to go, of course, depends on WHAT you are doing. It also ties into WHEN you want to go. Since my most recent trip was Ireland, I will use that as an example, but most of my advice can be applied to any destination in Europe, or even beyond. The decision of WHEN to go will be tied into the destination. For instance, Ireland is much nicer to visit in the summer – but also more expensive; whereas Greece is cooler as a winter destination. The days are longer in the summer the farther you go north – and conversely, shorter in winter, resulting in much shorter days for sightseeing.

Another part of WHERE includes the character of place – towns and villages, or bustling metropolis? London or Kilkenny? Edinburgh or Ullapool? While each city has its own character, they can be overwhelming at times, and are not always the best places to stay. A small village used as a base of exploration can be wonderful, and you get more chances to meet the locals.

You might also want to think about WHY you want to go. Do you want to touch the roots of your ancestors? Or experience an ancient culture? Do you just want to get away from the screaming kids? Or make your co-workers jealous? There are many reasons WHY you may want to go to Europe – pick several!

RESEARCH: Find out everything about everything – then throw half of it away

The internet is many things. Addicting, yes; maddening, yes. But it is also incredibly helpful when doing research, especially about places far from your home. Airfare, hotels, cities, beautiful beaches (yes, they exist in the UK) and gloomy castles are all listed somewhere – you just have to find them. The best order of research I've found is airfare first, then itinerary, lodging, and finally ground transportation. The airfares available may define your itinerary something, and the itinerary will define the other items.


There is a reason I look for this first. There is a definite season to vacationing in the UK – summer. While many people do go on the non-'peak 'months of July and August, there is indeed a reason why summer is the best. Longer days to see sights, warmer weather, less rain and wind – and more things are open. That also means the airfare is the most expensive, and usually lodging as well.

The shoulder months of May, June, September and October are becoming more popular, as the weather is still nice, and the days are not incredibly short yet. However, that also means that the airfares are creeping up as they become more popular. I have traveled to southern Ireland in April and it was beautiful – and inexpensive.

When I've decided how much cash I'm willing to sacrifice for a warmer vacation, I start researching my flights. I go to dozens of websites, sometimes daily, to find the best fare. When I got tickets to Ireland in 2006, I found them on Travelocity on a one-day fare sale on Virgin Air. The tickets were non-stop from Miami to London, for $ 488 including taxes – in June. They were gone within 24 hours, so if I had not jumped on them, I would have stuck with the lowest I could find later – $ 800 a piece.

Also consider flying into one city and out of another. This is great for Ireland, as you can fly into Shannon, explore the west, and end up flying out of Dublin at the end of your trip. Edinburgh, London, and Glasgow are also considerations for this technique. This is called an open-jaw ticket, and usually does not cost much more, if any, than a normal round trip ticket.

Here are some of the sites I regularly check for discount airfare:

o Travelocity
o Priceline
o Kayak
o Expedia
o ITA software
o Qixo
o Mobissimo

There are others, of course, but these are the ones I've used most often. Also do not forget to check the airline websites; If you find a great fare on Travelocity for Delta, Delta might have it cheaper, and it is usually better to deal directly rather than through a middleman. Also remember not all sites include taxes in their fare quotes.

When you buy your tickets, check out the cancellation policies. Usually, the cheaper the flight, the less flexible the changes allowed. Make sure you are going before you purchase non-refundable, non-change tickets!


There is a wealth of information about places, monuments, workshops, battles, and other things of interest. Most cities and towns, even villages, have their own website with tourist information. In addition, many travel agent websites have great information for the intrepid traveler. Even more, there are websites dedicated to those interested in travel, with wonderful forums for those odd questions. Some of my favorites are:

o My own site (see link below)
o Fodors
o IrelandYes
o Flyertalk
o Tripso
o SlowTravel
o Lonely Planet
o Rick Steves

Once you have done exhaustive research of the places you want to see, taken notes to places, planned routes around them, and then throw half of it out. Yes, that's right – you will likely end up with a list of 17 things to see in each city, and you will only have time for half of that, so pick your favorites.

Also, do yourself a favor, and be sure to leave room in your itinerary for free time – wandering around and getting lost, people-watching at a cafĂ©, or just having a pint with the locals. These are usually the most memorable parts of your trip, leave time for them frequently. You do not want to end up with an itinerary where you are rushing through things so fast you do not see them. Michele at Ireland Yes calls that the Green Blur tour. (I suppose a Scottish version would be the Plaid Blur?)

If you've got the places listed you want to see, look for a pattern. Are they all close to a couple central locations? If so, pick several places and use them as bases of exploration. Can they be strung together in a large circle? Then spend a couple nights in each place, moving around the circle. Plan wisely, and try to avoid criss-crossing or backtracking. Check driving times between places with ViaMichelin and TheAA. Then add about 20% to those driving times – they do not take into account UK and Irish roads. They twist, turn, and wiggle, which keeps speeds down lower than the speed limit! You do not want a day where you are driving 80% of the time, trust me! I try to keep my days to 3 hours of driving at the most, and even that broken up with sites along the way.


Once you have your airfare and itinerary, you know which nights you are going to need lodging for, and where. The UK is wonderfully full of adorable Bed & Breakfasts, and I highly recommend this accommodation choice. The B & Bs in the US tend to be more upscale and expensive than those in the UK, so do not go by their example. Most B & Bs I've ever been in have been comfortable, clean, cozy, and a delight to stay at. They run around $ 30- $ 60 a night per person, and include a huge breakfast (more on that later). You will pay higher for city B & Bs, and sometimes shared hotel rooms are less expensive in the larger cities. Do chat with the owners, and get their advice about local sites and attractions.

Hotels, as mentioned above, usually charge by room rather than person. However, they may or may not include breakfast in the deal, and are usually more cookie-cutter and sterile. They are a place to stay rather than a place to enjoy.

Then you can try the other options, such as youth hostels (not just for youth anymore), camping, caravanning (RV), canal boats, or lodging in old monasteries, colleges out for the summer, etc. There is no end of unusual places to stay. On the Isle of Lewis, you can stay in a traditional black house; near Inverness, there is a converted church set up as a B & B. Get creative!

Once you have decided where you want to stay, make a reservation. Make sure to check the cancellation policies. Most have a day or so required, some a week or even a month. Email is usually an option for communication these days, but some may require a phone call; remember they are at 5pm when it is noon on our east coast, and do not wake anyone up!

Ground Transportation:

So, you know when, where, and why you are going – how are you getting there? Well, my recommendation for the UK and Ireland is definitely for renting a car. While it is possible to use bus and train to get around, and certainly many people do, you can not find the little villages doing this, and getting lost on the way is half the fun. If you are in a bus, you can not make a detour on a whim to go find a hidden castle when you see a sign. You can not always determine how long you stay at one spot; there is much less flexibility.

Now, I know it is scary to think about driving on the wrong side of the road. It gets worse: automatic transmission cars are twice as expensive to rent, and the manual transmission cars make you shift with your left hand (since the driver is on the right of the car). Confused yet? I remember many times trying to grab the stick with my right hand – only to bang it on the door. However, it's not so bad – you get used to it very quickly. It helps to have a designated navigator, as the signage on the islands is different. Signs tend to tell you what the next town is, not what the road is called. That means you should know the major towns on the way to where you are going, or even the …

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Expert Guidelines for Professional App Development


Planning to develop a mobile app for business promotion? Yes, you are on the right move. Today, businesses strongly need mobile presence in order to increase their availability to their target audiences. The world has gone mobile and almost every company is making its move to mobile app development. App development is on boom and if you don’t have a business application, you are surely losing on opportunities.

But, before you make a move, it is important to know & understand that there are already a million of applications on stores and are offering tremendous services. Being a new comer in the industry, you need a strong app development strategy so that you can come up with something which attracts your target audience. This is the reason, you must develop an app which offers fantastic user-experience and service.

Your applications needs to be attractive to your audience and make sure it contains all such features required for the promotion and generation of business. To make the application successful, it must contain usability and value for your customers. In order to make it attractive, following guidelines are important to follow;

Select the right platform

The app is successful only if it is developed on the right platform. The basic technique to make the selection of the platform is the app development purpose. Businesses usually develop apps to earn money from it or promote services in order to make business audience aware of it. iOS is basically used as a revenue generation platform as it is a market leader in applications.

On the other hand, if you want to promote your business through an application, Android is considered the best platform for it.

Set the right price

The purpose of the application development will decide the setting of price. If you want to have a paid-app, it has to be usable and valuable for your target audience. A free app, on the other hand, holds attraction for its target audience and is usually used as a promotion tool for business.

Provide valuable information

Remember, if your app contains no information for your audience, no one is going to download it. Make sure your app has all the information your audience tends to acquire from it such as business offers, discount rates, events schedule or recent happenings etc.

Taking into account the above techniques will help you develop a successful and a valuable application for your target audience. However, it is also important that your app allows your customers to share the content on social networking sites. Today, users are obsessed with social networks and a social-sharing button has become a must for every application.


Source by Naveed Alii

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Understanding Job Roles in the Travel Industry


The travel and tourism industry is one of the largest venues to seek employment. There are umpteen numbers of occupations within this sector, and depending upon your education level or preference you can find a rewarding job. Travel and tourism is for those who like to travel themselves a lot. If you are familiar with a particular region of the world or your country, you can aspire to become a visitor information official in a travel agency. Unlike other occupations, you can find a job anywhere around the world, and that is a major advantage to those who are planning to enter this industry.

A degree in geography will generally help you, but, it is not an absolute necessity. Within the visitor information section of travel profession there are many positions – Product Manager, Marketing Manager, Marketing Coordinator, Retail Travel Consultant, Reservation Sales Agent, Administrative Assistant and Receptionist, although this is not an exhaustive list. Depending on where you live, job titles may vary.

More about Product Managers job

  • They are primarily responsible for putting together a brochure for the travel agent to sell. He or sheathers the required data on destinations and other information.
  • They are responsible for negotiating rates with hotels and those who provide accommodation, transportation, cab services and other essentials services to travelers.
  • To become a successful Product Manager, you must hone your negotiation skills. The better you are at it, the better you get paid. If you are multi-lingual it can help you succeed beyond your expectations.

More about Marketing Managers job

  • Marketing managers must be strategic thinkers. They will be primarily responsible for creating awareness among travelers about the various products their company has to offer.
  • He will also be responsible for analyzing trends and customer preferences, their spending capacities and focusing the selling effort. They will be required to have an knowledge knowledge about what people from particular regions like and do not like.
  • He will be responsible for distributing brochures through a team of assistants. It helps to work as an assistant before aspiring to become a Marketing Manager. A degree of persuasive skill is a basic necessity.
  • He or she must be comfortable in speaking in more than one language. Taking a short course in some foreign language usually helps to accomplish the selling task.

More about Marketing Coordinator Job

  • Typically a Marketing Coordinator job is above that of a Marketing Manager, and their main function is to see that marketing is done seamlessly. They will usually have more than couple Marketing Managers under their control.
  • They will be required to train Marketing Managers and the team below in understanding the company's products. They will have to provide directions to the marketing team in finding customers.
  • He or she must be very creative and have a keen eye for details. They must be able to foresee changes in travelers' preferences and where they wish to travel. Usually they are also responsible for giving feedback to Product Managers for designing future travel products.

More about Retail Travel Consultants Job

  • They are responsible for dealing with customers face to face and in planning their itinerary.
  • They will also have to advice prospective traveler about the various options available to them to stay within a budget.
  • They should be fully conversant with hotel rates, availability of rooms and accommodations. They must also be able to advise travelers on the right time to travel to a particular destination.
  • They must be particularly persuasive in their approach and have good skills in managing customers. Some knowledge of travelers' psychology helps.

More about Reservation Sales Agents Job

  • The come in the scene very much after a deal is concluded by the selling team. They will be responsible for arranging and booking accommodation, rail, air and road travel tickets with the transport contractors.
  • Post booking, they will have to coordinate with tour guides to see that everything is moving seamlessly.
  • Reservation Sales Agents are also required to keep in direct touch with resort owners and hotel managements to see that everything is moving according to a plan.

A degree in tourism or geography can help to rise in the company's hierarchy. Tourism is not a 9 to 5 activity and therefore those who are planning to take their plunge into this industry must be prepared to toil it out day and night. Post retirement, workers can choose to become travel guides or choose to start a travel consultant agency.


Source by Shanmugam Ramalingam

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Learning Spanish Courses – For Work Or Play


Learning a language, especially Spanish can be one of the most rewarding experiences ever. I have put together a few tips on surviving the Spanish language course.First of all, if you have ever decided on learning Spanish or you think it's time to knuckle down and finally learn there's never been a better time to learn it. More and more countries are accepting Spanish on their school curriculum as there are more Spanish speakers venturing to other countries seeking out new lives. If you do not want to "miss the boat" as it was, now's the time to study Spanish.

Below I've made some bullet points on learning Spanish effectively.

Why learn Spanish in the first place

First of all, before you begin your classes it would be a good idea to know your exact reasons for wanting to learn the language. Is it for work or play? In other words, do you need it in your job or is your learning Spanish more orientated to towards leisure or culture? So many people are finding better employment these days as a direct result of learning a language such as Spanish. The opportunities that exist are literally endless – translation, catering / restaurants, government and civil servant jobs to name but a few. I'm quite sure your boss will appreciate you that much more too, let alone your personal finances! Yes, having another language is a tool that helps you earn more money and that can not be bad, can it? Also, your boss will be inclined to promote you as you will be an invaluable asset to his or any company.

If you have motives other than your job or career then I'm sure you'll find learning Spanish a winning hobby. Just think about being able to converse with your new neighbors in Spanish! How welcome you'd make them feel by chatting to them in their native language. Imagine impressing your family and friends by ordering your next meal at a Mexican or Spanish restaurant in fluent Spanish.

Learning because of love

Maybe you've set your heart on learning the Spanish language because of love. Maybe you have met the girl or boy of your dreams and the language barrier has reared its ugly head. What a fine and noble opportunity to learn your future mate's language and converse properly with them. One of the best methods to learn Spanish today is by using one of the very many online Spanish course methods. There are a few good ones on the internet today and they are all highly recommended for learning the language.

So whether it's to improve your career, to enrich yourself culturally or even love then you could hardly go wrong in starting out on the right foot with an online Spanish course.


Source by Miranda Sol

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Practical Tricks and Tips to Enjoy Mediterranean Cruises


A vacation cruise is one exceptional and practical way to enjoy the Mediterranean and Europe. It is one great way of experiencing the Mediterranean and Europe from a different perspective. It is also the cheaper way of touring these hot destinations.

Mediterranean cruises normally cover the accommodations, entertainment activities and meals. The cruise holiday packages will also include great add-ons like spa treatments, complimentary meals in specialty restaurants, cocktails and boutique drinks, and even fitness and special interest classes. The cruise vacation package will also include transportation between ports.

The European cruises will normally cover key European cities following a country to country joust to at least 3 major European countries. There are cruise packages that are combinations of two European regions. These are package tour of Western Europe and the Baltic Region and another package tour of Eastern and Western Mediterranean. The typical vacation will normally bring vacationers to great places in Europe and the Mediterranean considered as greatest hits in tourism parlance. Notable places to be visited include Stockholm, Rome, Venice, Athens and Barcelona. There are also vacation cruise options that will bring you to exotic places such as Malta, Tunisia and Estonia.

However, this dream cruise holiday package may have its downside for some of us. It typically brings you to a lot of great places in the region making it a travel option of great value. Because of its sheer magnitude, one may easily develop vacation burnout. As you negotiate through all the grad destinations, you tend to end up huffing and puffing at every interval and by the time you reach midpoint you will already find yourself dragging your feet just to keep pace with the tour itinerary. If you want to keep up with the group and complete the cruise package, you will literary join a race just to cover these great sights and landmarks of this great holiday destinations.

One great way to enjoy your vacation is not to overstuff your schedule and maintain a light schedule and include some time lying on a beach. You can just bypass the Mediterranean landmarks and museums and not force yourself to cover all these places in your tight schedule. Anyways, you will not be enjoying these places if you are dog tired every time you set off for your sightseeing tours. This is the reality of a vacation in Europe and the Mediterranean. The place is so huge and the great and interesting places are aplenty that you can not cover them all in a lifetime! At times, determining your starting point is already a daunting task as you will be stumped at where you can start your holiday in Europe.

The best way to enjoy your vacation in Europe is to make a carefully prepared travel plan that will cover just a few of all the great sights and interesting places in the region. You need to have variety but balanced by a light itinerary that would give you ample time to relax in between your stops at major ports and cities in Europe and the Mediterranean.


Source by Chuck R Stewart

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Amazing Travel Secret: Getting by One Carry-On!


My wife and I travel a lot. Recently, we've been to Hawaii, Europe, on Caribbean cruises and to cities on both coasts. We dread the usual airport hassles with increased security concerns. But we've figured a way to make most of it bearable. It all stems from the amount of luggage you bring. And that is determined by knowing what to take and how to pack. We went to Europe with a single 22 "carry-on bag each and that that included a tour of the Mediterranean over ten days. machine would you believe me? Okay, I'll come clean.

My wife and I got smart. We did not want to have to check bags through the system at the risk of them being lost, broken, or stolen. And we both already own wheeled, carry-on luggage, with multiple compartments that have the expandable feature. So we decided to re-think what we really need for our travel. And that's the operative word: 'need.' Now my wife is a lovely lady with a pinchant for shoes and handbags. She also has a sizeable wardrobe. But, when considering the requirements for a week and a half trip, she has become ruthless in her decisions. For instance, does she 'need' five pairs of shoes and five matching handbags? How about five or six complete envelopes?

So, instead, she starts with the absolute essentials. It begins with toiletries and cosmetics and the very basics of each. Toss in any hair care devices and we have a foundation. Of course, we now have to remember the TSA exceptions like toothpaste and liquids. Then she considers the weather and what is appropriate. I must add that we went in the spring when the European temperature was in the low seventies. Otherwise, we might have bought coats as well, but they would have been worn onto the plane. Continuing, she picked several mix and match tops, pants, and skirts that could be used several times. Finally, she finished with undergarments and any small extras that could be squeezed in. The bag and compartments were full, but not bursting at the seams, either.

It takes courage to weed out the non-essentials and force yourselves to live with the same clothes for that long time. But, we made the choice and were happy with the result. Just learning which shoes, are both practical and comfortable, makes a huge difference as they take up so much space. We try to keep the clothes equally appropriate to our needs and pack the bare minimum. Our only exception is a small tote that can carry purchased souvenirs and our portable DVD player for viewing our own movies on the plane. It also accommodates our his-and-hers MP3 players and earphones, that can also be used with the DVD.

Having one piece of luggage per person makes getting through security a breeze. We also have the peace of mind that all our possessions are with us at all times. We've even thought of washing some things if necessary, because every hotel has facilities available for that very purpose. But the convenience of carefree travel is the reward.

So, the next time you plan your vacation, consider how much better it might be with single carry-ons. Otherwise, you're back waiting by the luggage carousel expecting to spot that bag of yours. Because, in that case, I can almost hear you say, "Is that the right one coming up over there? Gosh, I hope it's not the one that's already popped open."


Source by Jeffrey Hauser

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Travel and Tourism Salary Guide


Travel and tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Each year, millions of people travel to various destinations in the world for vacation, business or other purposes. With the growth of low cost airlines and availability of inexpensive accommodations, traveling is becoming cheaper so even more people can visit the country or destination of their dreams. If you are interested in pursuing a career in the travel and tourism industry, now's the time to learn about the job duties, requirements, and salaries.

Travel Agents
When people think of travel jobs, almost immediately, they will think of travel agents. Travel agents are professionals who help travelers plan their vacation or trip. Whether you need to book a hotel, make reservations for a special concert or show, find cheap flights, rent a car or plan a special surprise trip for your spouse, a travel agent can help you make all the necessary arrangements. They will also be able to tell you about the location where you will be visiting, offering information about the weather, language, culture, top tourist attractions, best restaurants, and almost anything else you want to know. To become a travel agent, the candidate must possess some level of training, preferably a full-time travel agent program in a recognized institution. In 2008, the median salary for travel agents was around $ 30,000.

Tourist Guides
Tourist guides are on field agents who take care of the tourists on their trip. Some tourist guides set off at the point of departure and accompany the travelers for the entire trip, right up to the end. There are also local tourist guides who bring travelers on tours to the popular attractions and shopping areas. Since they are dealing with people, tourist guides must enjoy communicating with people from all walks of life and they should have excellent knowledge about the locations and attractions. Different countries have different qualification requirements for tourist guides and some of them work as freelancers so it's hard to pinpoint a standard policy on the matter. In some countries, tourist guides are required to obtain a bachelor's degree and a license. In the United States, the average salary of a tourist guide is about $ 40,000 per annual.

Reservation Agent
A reservation agent is also important in the travel and tourism industry. Unlike a travel agent, a reservation agent is specialized in helping travelers and tourists make reservations for airlines, hotels, car rentals, or cruises. Typically, a reservation agent works in the call center of a particular company. In this sense, a Delta Air reservation agent will only help clients to book air tickets and a Hertz reservation will only help clients to book cars for rental. There's no fixed academic qualification for reservation agents because they receive specialized training in their companies. The average salary of a reservation agent is about $ 22,000 per annual.

There are many other jobs in the travel and tour industry, extending to hospitality, airline, cruise, healthcare, and so on. While the salary in the travel and tour industry is not always the best, there are benefits like discounts for air tickets and accommodations, among others.


Source by Erik R Johnson

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Low Back Pain And Sciatica – Functional Limitations


The problem with low back pain and sciatica, is that the lower back itself and surrounding area is so important with regards to any movement or activity you become involved in. It is not like when you have injured an arm or a leg, where you can rest the arm in a sling or use some crutches for your leg in order to allow healing to take place, with low back pain you are not afforded that luxury.

With regards to functional activities, the first thing which needs to be addressed is to divide them into two categories:

i) Those which cause or aggravate your low back pain or sciatica.

ii) Those which cause you no pain or do not increase your pain at all.

The chances are that there is a common factor linking the components of each of these two groups.

For example, let’s say sitting down aggravates your low back pain yet keeping upright and a small amount of walking eases your pain. We are going to be thinking along the lines of flexion activities being the aggravating factor for your low back pain and extension type activities being the easing factor.

With this above example, first and foremost we need to modify or temporarily avoid the aggravating factor i.e. sitting down. Now I am not suggesting you do not sit down at all during the day, but rather you try and sit in a more upright chair, with say a rolled up towel for some support for your lower back. In addition to this, I would also recommend that you spend no longer than a maximum of 15-20 minutes sitting down without break i.e. getting up out of the chair.

Moving on to encouraging the easing factors, and once again using the above example, I would suggest you try to have a little walk a few times during the day. This can be anything from a few minutes to say 20 or 30 minutes, depending upon the severity of your pain. The important thing is your low back likes this activity and therefore it is important to provide it with it, as it will be providing you low back with the optimum conditions for it to heal itself.

NB. You can get too much of a good thing, therefore do not just walk for the sake of it. For example, if your low back pain eases after 5 minutes walking, but becomes aggravated after 10 minutes, feel free to walk for 5 minutes, but not too much longer (otherwise you will be simply interfering with the healing process again).

With regards to aggravating and easing factors, it is important to be as specific as possible. Therefore,using the example I have just given, walking for 5 minutes is an easing factor, yet walking for 10 minutes is an aggravating factor.

The main principle is little and often throughout the day. Tying in the above two, the logical thing to do with regards to sitting, is every 15 minutes or so stand yourself up and have a walk up and down the living room. By taking on board the above principle, it will result in less stress being placed across the structures responsible for your low back pain and therefore give your body a chance to heal itself. As healing takes place, the structures responsible for your pain will become stronger, and if they are stronger you will find you can begin to do more and more.

A positive cycle will now result, whereby encouraging the easing factors will promote more healing, which itself will result in your low back becoming stronger and therefore less easily aggravated. If it is less aggravated, it means more healing will take place and therefore you can become more active and your back will become stronger…. and so on.

Sound too simple?

Well there is no doubt I have simplified things a little just to highlight a point. However, it is not too difficult either as the underlying principle is the same. The all important aspect is firstly analysing your day-to-day activities and then dividing them into aggravating and easing ones. When you have established this, begin by temporarily avoiding/modifying the aggravating activities and encouraging the easing ones. As you do this, your low back pain or sciatica will begin to ease and you will be able to become more active.

At this stage, it will be important to consider addressing any muscle imbalances which are present (as it will almost be certain there are some). A simple but effective exercise programme to strengthen any weak muscles and stretch any tight ones will soon have you performing those functional activities you are finding difficult at the moment pain-free…


Source by Paul Boxcer

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A How to on Creating an Article Site Using Joomla


This Article presumes basic knowledge of Joomla. A working installation of Joomla is required.

Let's say you need – or just want – to create a site just like EzineArticles or similar. If you are keen on using a more generic CMS, and not an article-site targeted script, you might think about using Joomla. That is always a good choice.

If you tried to use Joomla as it is, with the default Article Management you will soon feel its limitations, there are some flaws that will hinder you to manage your site like a professional Article publishing Webservice.

1. You have to make the users Editors. Regular users (Registered) do not have the right to create Articles. You have to make them manually editors. This might work for some website concepts, but for most an automation would be welcome.

2. Users Can not View their submitted content. There is no list of submitted articles.

3. Administrators do not get any notification per email when a new Article was submitted.

4. Users do not get an email notification when their articles got approved and published

5. Users do not get a message or notification when their Article is NOT approved.

6. Article Submitting interface is confusing and rather complicated for novice users and users not used to Joomla interface. There are some features that are not needed in a regular article based website. For instance the whole mosimage concept is merely a pain for a regular user, since no webmaster in the right mind would allow any user to upload media on their server. Also the whole image embedding concept that Joomla uses is not very intuitive for the first time user.

7. The most annoying part of the whole Article Management process is the approving system of Joomla. By default there is no way to filter the unpublished content or even to have the latest submitted articles first. Imagine you have hundreds of articles already submitted by users and around 10 submitted a day. To find these and to check the contents you have to search after the title or somehow narrow the list.

8. There is no way to have a reject-edit-republish workflow. That means if your user publishes an article that you then reject, there is now mechanism to ensure that the user has received a feedback on his mistakes so he posted the article and resubmit it. This is a major flaw in the article concept of any respectable article publishing website.

Looking for overcoming these shortcomings of Joomla we tested to find a set of components that allow you to complete these tasks and use the standard Joomla article Management. We do not tried out core hacks or similar since these are hard to maintain to the latest version of Joomla and also could interfere with other components that are vital for a good Joomla Website (Community Builder, etc)

We looked in several resources in the hope to find an integrated solution for our problems. We could only find scattered components that solved some of the problems, but not in the way we hoped:

JA Submit and Ninja Simple submit –

– simplifies the submission process

– allows non-registered submission (not our goal though) but overcomes the problem with manually making the users Registered.

– Remove some of the confusing errors Joomla throws at the unknowingly user


– Allows users to edit their past submissions

– Allows users to unpublish their content

– Allows users to submit in any section

Article Factory Manager –

– The installation of this component went without a problem, just like a normal Component. Then we made a Menu (displayed just for registered users) with some links to the main functionalities of this component. We defined "My Articles", "Submit new article", and "my Resource Box"

– An interesting feature the component introduces to our workflow is the "resource box". This is a small signature box allowing only limited HTML code in it (just Anchor and Breaks – a and br). This is an information box regarding the user that will be appended to their submitted articles. This way users save their info and backlinks once and can focus on the Article submission process.

– Another neat feature we discovered and that proves to be a very useful for us webmasters that do not want our webpages to turn into a link farm – is the limitation of the number of anchors in an article and separately in the Resource Box. This way we ensure that users will not submit articles with a lot of links in them without having to reject them. They simply can not submit them.

– We were also surprised by the HTML tags limitation potential, a feature that strips all tags including the allowed ones. As we discussed with the authors, all "script" tags are automatically striped regardless of your settings. This is a must-have security feature.


Source by Andy Pepe

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Enjoy Your Adventure Trip to Puerto Rico in a Convertible Car


Puerto Rico that is officially known as commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an autonomously controlled body of the United States of America located in the northeast Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico is an archipelago Consistent of main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands and Keys.

The island is rich in a number of beautiful locations around it. Its central mountain range goes as high as 1,338 meter at Cerro de Punta and it is the only tropical rainforest in the United States. El Yunque in Puerto Rico is quite popular for its beaches, turquoise waters and soft yellow sand. It is a great tourist center and a number of cultures get merges here and nightlife here is exceptional beyond the expectation of a person to enjoy it.

Now in order to visit the island of Puerto Rico either you can reach there either on your own public transport that can be sometimes become cumbersome as against the traffic jams and stops where it would drop you. To get car on rent you can hire service of a car rental agency which may provide an affordable car rental service on a very reasonable price and rate. There are many methods to get a convenient car rental to be booked for a tour in Puerto Rico. You can get it booked it either from a next door car rental agency or do it online where you will get a plethora of car renting ideas even with many discounted offers.

It is now your turn to pick up the model of the car that you will use while traveling Puerto Rico. You can have car in economy, sub economy or in budget range. If you wish your tour to be great full of fun and frolic you in the category of car models can choose convertible cars which are great fun to be enjoyed. A convertible car is known as one that can be folded or removed; Some popular convertible cars are Mini Cooper, BMW 330ci, BMW Z4, Audi and Quattro. These cars are great as for the travelers who love enjoy sunlight, rain or snow fall.

You can have these convertible cars on rent from a number of car rental agencies in America which also ensures the safety of travelers. It is better to book the convertible car quite well in advance to avoid instant botheration at the time of picking car at the rental agency. Any person above the age of 25 years with a valid driving license can have a car on rent. A person above the age of 30 years can have driving license for the convertible models of the cars such as Bentley, Lamborghini Viper and Ferrari. Car rental services as in Puerto Rico for convertible cars deliver services straight to all the important centers in the city. As payment for burning convertible cars can be paid through credit card, debit card, checks, cash and traveler's check. Traveling in convertible cars is a great fun.


Source by Mansi Aggarwal

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Project Management Tools for Advertising Agencies


Managing projects effectively determines the success of any business. While project management tools were once thought important only for production and delivery projects, today an entire gamut of industries has begun using them. One of the industries that have begun using them on a large scale is advertising agencies.

Various types of project management tools are available for advertising agencies. With computers becoming the mainstay for advertising agencies, different tools for the different needs of an advertising agency have become available. The basic departments in any advertising agency are its creative, client servicing, media and public relations departments. Each of these departments has a need for some common and some special project management tools.

The project management tool that your operating system provides is one very important tool that anyone can have is. Both Microsoft and Apple have their own project management tools that let you organize tasks based on priority, date, time etc. Both allow an individual to use them for his / her own tasks and at the same time remain in sync with the rest of the team.

There are calendars, network diagrams, graphs, reports, timelines, organizers, portfolio managers, updaters, estimation graphs, and other invaluable tools that help you manage your project effectively in a phased manner.

These tools also facilitate working in a team, as a team manager or leader can make the sheets, assign tasks to individuals and pass them on for changes. The changes are noted and preserved using a track change option, which becomes invaluable in a large team.

Apart from the basic software, there is a highly specialized software available for specific needs. Those that need to communicate with clients can opt for specialized software with built-in email features to help send personalized or even anonymous emails to the contact lists. Others can organize letters, faxes and emails from clients and others. Some software offer features such as contact management, correspondence and invoicing.

Most of the project management tools for advertising agencies are available on the Internet, on a try-before-you-buy basis. You can download the basic package and use it for a trial period to see if it suits your needs. You may buy it, when you are convinced that it meets your needs.


Source by Richard Romando

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The Best 5 Of Honeymoon Travel Ideas


Choosing place for honeymoon could be as difficult as preparing for the whole wedding event. At times it could possibly put you under pressure. Therefore to avoid this, the first thing you have to do right now is relax. This is the most important part as to make sure your choice is the best and the perfect one. Here are some tips that may help you to decide where to go. Another thing that you should remember is go to place where you can afford to and spend it all over. Do not be stingy as this is your honeymoon vacation. It must the most valuable precious moment to you both. However, it does not mean you have to be indented a lot and suffer after that.

1. Hawaii is among the most diverse places by newlyweds. This place is well-known for its beautiful crystal beaches. This is the right place if you like laying down on beach under the sunlight. There are many water activities that give you a lot of fun. Your choices of where to stay would not be hard as there are a lot of affordable hotels as well as luxurious ones. You may find the best choice at the link below.

2. Caribbean is also a good choice for couples who love beaches. You will enjoy the great view of the sunset. This is the place where you can release stress by laying down on the beach covered by WAVY palm tress. For a moment you feel like you are taken away from this busy life world.

3. Get bored already with sand and beach? Do you love arts and historical places. Why do not you try Europe. It would not be the one you will regret of since this is the place where you can see the proof of the great culture and civilization. There is a lot of places where you can see the unique wonderful buildings, the creativity of the architectures produced the best arts that nowhere to be found at other places.

4. Las Vegas. If you prefer to spend your time at the place with full full of entertainment? Try this place. Casinos, great restaurants, spas, parties and other enjoyable entertainment are easily found here. No wonder people call it The Sin City. The lights make you cheerful.

5. Mexico and other places in South America. These places are suitable if you want to have different experience. Columbia, Brazil, Argentina are worth destination to try. Brazil, the famous performance is the unique culture dancers that will surely give a different touch.


Source by Natalie Mac

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South America's Travel Highlights


Brazil's beaches are top of many people's list in terms of South America's highlights. The huge number of bewilderingly beautiful resorts, each with it's own unique charms can be staggering and overwhelming. The Lencois National Park in North East Brazil, just East of Sao Luiz, offer some of the most wonderful undeveloped beaches in all Brazil – there's huge empty beaches backed by shimmering sand dunes that run for about 200 km. For those who seek a more developed resort, there's also a host of small, chic options throughout Brazil – Jericoacoara, Pipa, Florianopolis, Morro do Sao Paulo and Fernando de Noronha are just a few.

Brazil is huge in size, and its interior has some of the worlds best wildlife viewing. The Pantanal wetlands are the best option for seeing animals – you'll see huge numbers of birds, as well as larger wildlife such as crocodiles, anacondas and even the elusive jaguar if you are lucky.

Brazil's Amazon jungle is also an amazing experience. Waking up to the sounds of monkeys screaming outside your lodge can be quite frayting, but highly memorable. There's lots of wildlife that can be seen in the Amazon, but a visit is more about experiencing quite how enchanting the rainforest can be.

Iguassu Falls is on the border of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. For many this is South America's number 1 travel highlight. The roaring waterfalls are truly monstrous in size – visit during the rainy season for the most impressive views. There's also good birdwatching and jungle lodges in nearby Argentina.

Torres del Paine National Park in Southern Chile is South America's top trekking destination. A wilderness of spectacular granite peaks and beautiful lakes will amaze all visitors, and there are some fantastic week long trekking possibilities. Torres del Paine is remote – it's 5 hours travel overland from the nearest airport at Punta Arenas, but this is certainly some of South America's most amazing scenery.

Chile's Atacama desert is bleakly beautiful. Volcanoes spring out of a barren lunar like landscape full of geysers and salt flats. There's also some amazing pre-Inca fortresses and excavated stone age settlements to enthral visitors.

South America's most frequently visited tourism attraction is the Inca ruins of Machu Picchu. The location high in the Andes is quite spectacular, as are the ruins themselves. Adventurous travelers prefer to travel to Machu Picchu by way of the Inca Trail, a legendary 4 day mountainous hike through mountains, rainforests and Inca sites to the ruins of Machu Picchu themselves.

Ecuador's Galapagos Islands are expensive, but many people's first choice for a trip to South America. Darwin was so amazed by the natural biodiversity that he studied the fauna intensively – this is where the theory of evolution was born. The amount of wildlife in the Galapagos Islands is quite staggering – there's sea lions, penguins, seals, sharks, whales, turtles, tortoises plus a huge range of birdlife. What makes the Galapagos Islands so special is that the wildlife has no fear of humans – the animals treat visitors as if they were simply another animal, inquisitively approaching them. There are a lot of concerns that the environment is being irrevocably damaged in the Galapagos Islands – if you do visit, check your tour operators responsible tourism credentials.

The most beautiful and romantic colonial city in South America can be found in Cartagena, in Colombia. The fact that the city is still not overrun with tourists simply adds to the charm. Cartagena is well away from Colombia's trouble spots, and has long been a safe city to visit. Many cruise ships now make a regular port of call. While the cities beaches are rather unclean and hectic, the nearby Rosario Islands offer a perfect beach retreat.

Some of South America's most spectacularly beautiful beaches are found at Park Tayrona. The landscape could be described as an empty tropical beach paradise, full of beautiful bays and coves. The fact that there is only one hotel (although lots of camping options) keeps the tourist hordes away – at Park Tayrona you can experience a paradise without seeing another soul all day.

Many people travel to Venezuela for just one reason – to visit Angel Falls. At 979 meters in height, Angel Falls is the worlds highest waterfall. A flight over the falls is a quite spectacular experience, or alternatively canoe trips can be arranged to see the falls at close quarters. The landscape in nearby Canaima National Park is also quite beautiful – this is where the Last of the Mohicans film was shot.


Source by Chris Hardyman

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Cheap Plane flights – 3 Great Tips to Get Very Cheap Airfare Tickets


Want to secure cheap plane flights? Whether you're a travel enthusiast or a vacation fanatic on a budget, then this article could help you in finding cheap plane flights.

Even if you have never left your country before, you know that traveling comes at a high price. The expensive airfare tickets alone can sometimes be enough to put off your plans for another two years or so. However, if you know how to score cheap plane flights, you'll be spending your days in and out of the airport in no time!

Getting very cheap airfare does not take rocket science. And with the help of this article, you're going to book yourself one and have a blast doing it!

Cheap Plane Flights Tip 1: 'Tis the Season to be Jolly.

If you know how to get the cheapest airfare tickets, that is. One technique you have to master is learning how to recognize which flights are in season and which are not. For example, if it's summer time, a lot of people are going to want to go to beachy areas like Miami or even go out of the country. Avoid these flights because the higher the demand, the more expensive the flight.

Cheap Plane Flights Tip 2: Subscribe to Travel Websites.

If you're a travel aficionado, then you might already know of travel sites like,,, or some other popular travel websites. One good thing about these sites is that you're privy to details many people are not – like inexpensive airfares. Plus, many of these websites also have special promos, discounts and even newsletters that can help you make travel decisions wisely.

Cheap Plane Flights Tip 3: Book Your Flight 2-3 Weeks Earlier.

Planning is everything. Not only does planning help you remember to bring that toothbrush or any of your other essentials, it also helps you score cheap plane flights. The earlier you book your flight, the cheaper your airfare usually turns out to be.

Cheap plane flights are not just a figment of your imagination. As long as you prepare yourself early enough, know how to read the seasons, and follow up on news and updates from travel websites, you're all set to go!


Source by Michael Lee

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How to Make Custom Boxes at Home


At Home DIY

The economy is in a downfall right now. If you are like me and not living in the 1% that can afford to throw their money around then you try to save money as best you can. DIYs are “do it yourself”s that help save money yet receive quality results. One DIY that helps young entrepreneurs who are also cost efficient are Homemade Custom product boxes. If you look online, you will see many DIYS with different ideas about how to create your custom product box. On Pinterest alone just typing the words “custom boxes” will get you hundreds to thousands of results. Some of them even have free templates to download just to help you make it easier. But make no mistake, making your custom box is not as easy as it seems unless you have a good background in crafts. Hopefully, this article can help you.


– Box cutter

– Decorations

– Measurer

– Cardboard or material to make box

– Packing tape


– Take the cardboard and box cutter and open up the cardboard so you can shape the cardboard into whatever shape you want

– Take the object you are going to send and use that to measure the dimensions if the box and cut accordingly

– Fold the box, so it fits well around the product.

– Make finishing touches to the box, so it looks nice, and so the item does not fall out or break. Then use the packing tape to seal up the box. If the object is fragile, then I suggest insulating the box with materials such as bubble wrap, tissue paper or packing peanuts, etc.

– Finally, decorate by adding a company logo or just make it pretty, however, you would like.


If you are not the creative type to imagine a particular type of custom box, then do not worry. There is a wide variety of custom box templates to choose from. Some include

– an oven shaped template for baked goods

– Footlocker boxes for shoes

– Premade candy boxes

– Etc.

Question and Answer

One of the questions I hear a lot that revolve DIY Custom boxes are how are they better than just buying premade custom boxes made by professionals. Well in the case of DIYs:

– They are usually cheaper than going through a manufacture

– you get to have a lot more control over how the process is done

– Sometimes manufacturers do not let you add an addition that you want

– Sometimes the manufacturers around your area do not have a particular material that you need or want.

In support of buying it from a store some might say:

– When building, you lose time which can lead to you losing money and nobody wants to lose money

– There isn’t a warranty on homemade products so in the occasion where your box breaks you would have to start over and waste more money

– There is a questionable quality to handmade items such as boxes.

The choice is up to you, as an entrepreneur or just a creative artisans it up to you to make some tough decisions considering your products and the boxes you use.


Source by Maryam Nasrullah

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Sales Incentives – An Incentive Scheme to Boost Sales and Staff Motivation


Offering a great company product or service is sometimes just never enough to encourage sales, more so in the tough economic climate we’re facing.

Travel Voucher Incentives have the ideal sales incentive. As well as an incentive scheme to boost sales that puts more profit on the table, builds customer loyalty and longevity, while enhancing the perceived value of your products or services, we also have a great staff motivation incentive to get your workforce more productive.

Sales incentives have the power to encourage maximum productivity from your staff by showing them that you actually do appreciate their input and can increase business turnover quite considerably, for a very minimal additional cost.

Have you ever considered a sales incentive idea that gives the end user a Discount Holiday and Free Bahamas Cruise? This works extremely well with any business sector whatsoever and comprises:

  • 7 free night’s hotel accommodation in a top Florida Hotel…
  • Free hire car rental…
  • Free theme park tickets…
  • Free Florida winery excursion and wine tasting… Plus…
  • A Free 5-day, 4-night Bahamas Cruise with ‘above-deck’ cabin and all meals and entertainment provided.

It needn’t cost a fortune to offer them to your potential customers, clients or staff. From as little as £45.00 each for a minimum quantity of 25, there’s no better way to award a sales incentive that gives your company the recognition it needs in times where increasing sales are a top priority.

Our Discount Holiday Cruise Vouchers are A5 size, high quality glossy 8-sided card brochure with everything the end user needs to activate and redeem the voucher. There’s nothing else for you to do but give them out with your compliments.

Each voucher comes with 2 x tear-off check certificates with a face value of $2000.00 (approximately £1500.00) per certificate which entitles the recipient to take the above itinerary with a loved one, partner or even by themselves.

The remaining $2000.00 voucher can be used to take an additional two people; children or family members or can even be ‘gifted’ if required. Each voucher lasts for 3 years and gives the end user adequate time to plan travel dates and make arrangements for their luxury dream holiday.

Our Discount Holiday Cruise Vouchers can be printed with your own company logo for orders over 5000. We also offer a single sample voucher that you’re free to use if you wish, for a small cost of £149.95. This cost is then deducted from your first order of 25 or more vouchers.   As you can appreciate, offering sample vouchers for free means they could be used by everyone requesting them. We simply have to cover our costs and hence, make a small charge which is then deducted from any future orders. 

To find out more about our incentive scheme [], whether it’s to increase sales of motivate staff, Travel Voucher Incentives have put together a free “Discount Holiday Cruise Voucher Report”, which shows some of the best ways to promote your business using our quality discount vouchers.

We also give you some great ideas for your literature; promotional flyers etc, and even give you some great email templates you can use or modify for your own needs.

Travel Voucher Incentives don’t just sell you sales incentive vouchers, we help your business profit from them.


Source by Hans Storrie

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