Month: January 2018

Your Comprehensive Guide to Pain Management

Controlling chronic pain and keeping it under check can be hard. Most patients are not sure about the overall process and approach to pain management, which is why they frequently rely on medications and painkillers for quick relief. In this post, we will talk about pain management and things that matter the most.

The basics

Chronic pain can be associated with a number of conditions, not limited to arthritis, unsuspected injuries, cancer treatments, and other old and unhealed injuries. If you have consistent pain in one of your body parts for more than a month that doesn’t seem to improve, you should consider visiting a pain management doctor. There are a wide range of options available, and in most cases, doctors often rely on multiple treatments, depending on the facts of the case.

Understanding pain better

Pain is physical, and it can impact different people in a different way. For example, if a certain patient is depressed about chronic pain, his feeling and emotional state will be different from someone else, who has suffered an unexpected injury. The whole process of pain management is based on many criteria. First things first, the doctor will consider the possible need for additional test and diagnosis. This is important for determining the overall nature and extent of treatment. He may also suggest a few initial things and lifestyle changes, so as to understand the response of the patient. If the pain is too severe, he may also offer additional medicines to decrease the inflammation, so as to reduce the overall discomfort.

The options

1. The first and obvious treatment for pain is medications. In many cases, doctors may consider benzodiazepines and narcotics, but these aren’t meant for long-term relief from chronic pain. Typically, patients can have one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Naprosyn or ibuprofen, to minimize an unexpected bout of pain. In some cases, doctors may use Tylenol for treatment, while for many patients; antidepressants are more than necessary to help symptoms. The short-term use of steroids is not uncommon either.

2. The next option is therapy. You will find clinics that specialize in pain management, but here, the doctors are not focused on medications. Yes, medications might be necessary, but it is more about therapy. This includes physical therapy and acupuncture, where a therapist will decide the right range of exercises for the patient, so that he can manage his condition at home. In some cases, cognitive-behavioral therapy is more than important, as well.

3. Then we have the choice of interventional pain medicine, in which chronic pain is treated with minimum invasive interventions. This can be anything from neuroaugmentation or use of facet joint injections and radiofrequency ablation, based on the patient’s case and requirements. Interventional pain management is getting popular by the day, especially for patients who have limited choices.

Finally, doctors may also rely on other treatments and therapies that may reduce the psychological impact of pain. This can be anything from relaxation techniques, meditation, cold and heat therapy, and massage and so on. It’s important to seek help at the earliest, because initial pain related conditions are easy to detect and manage.

Source by Hampry Gomes


Husband Has No Sex Drive – What Should You Do?

Many women complain that after a few years into their marriage, their husband has low or no sex drive. This is an awful situation, and it brings up terrible feelings of shame, loneliness, and fear of the future. It also initiates doubts as to whether or not you husband still loves you or is still attracted to you. Many women fear that this means that their husband is having an affair.

A husband's loss of sex drive often begins after a few years of marriage. It may even start after the birth of a child. Why does this happen? It happens because couples tend to fall into a bedroom routine which makes lovemaking be boring. You must remember how it was when you and your husband first started having sex: trying out new positions, never having enough of one another, always discovering new things. Gradually, most couples fall into a routine. This is a dreadful mistake, as passion is enhanced by novelty or the unexplored.

What can you do about it?

If you choose to discuss this with your husband, you should do this carefully as a lot of men will not talk about their low sex drive because this is deemed unmanly. If your husband is open to discussion, you can go to see a sex therapist or a counselor and discuss what is troubling you. This should occur only after you tried working things out by yourself.

If you feel that your husband would not want to discuss this with you or with a professional, it's up to you to bring back the passion and excitement into your sex life. This can be done easily by incorporating new things into your foreplay and actual lovemaking. You would not believe how a few simple changes can lead to a renewed sex drive and great sex for both of you. But do not be afraid to initiate. It's up to you to sustain your marriage.

Whatever you choose to do, know that this is a condition which can be corrected easily. It is up to you.

Source by Lucy Doyle


The Top 5 Secrets to Finding a Cheap Flight Ticket

As we all know, traveling is expensive and any extra dollars you can shave off normal airfare could mean the difference of an entire flight. Instead of having you search all over the web, I'll just reveal the 5 ways to get a cheap flight ticket.

Here's the first one …

1. Buy a Return ticket. This is probably the easiest way to save a few bucks; just buy a return ticket. This usually works because most airline companies have rebates out there when you buy a return ticket as well, which equates to you getting both tickets for just a little more than you'd normally pay for a one-way flight. You can buy these return tickets ahead of time, so if you know exactly when you'll be coming back, go ahead and pick up a cheap return flight. Your wallet will thank you.

Also, before we go farther, it should be mentioned (although it's slightly obvious) that it's typically cheaper traveling on week days as opposed to weekends. Weekends are significantly busier than week days (due to work, school, and schedules), and the higher the traffic the harder to find a cheap flight ticket. This opens up a larger window of opportunity though: if you plan to both leave and return on week days, you can easily find cheap air line tickets.

2. Look on the Internet. The internet is full of places you can look to find a cheap flight ticket, usually with only a few quick searches. There are sites that you can find with just basic searches that will pull up tons of cheap airlines, or discounts for traveling. The prices of tickets can vary from one day to the next, so once you find a couple sites that have decent ticket rates, bookmark them and go back to them often to check current ticket prices.

These sites will also typically discount ticket prices for same-day flights, so before you buy your ticket do your due diligence in browsing around. By "due diligence", I mean if you want to find a cheap flight ticket it's best to check out a minimum of three discount ticket sites online and just do a comparison to see which has the cheapest flights.

3. Buy tickets from the smaller airline companies. So many people think that the big airlines companies offer the best discounts for cheap air line tickets. Big mistake. These big airline companies spend millions of dollars on advertising and have much higher embedded costs in their companies, so they have to charge more for their tickets.

Moral of the story: avoid them and instead find the smaller companies that will not only give you great customer service, but can offer cheaper tickets as well.

4. Keep your travel options open. Now, this would need looking around online to work, but if you keep your schedule open and flexible instead of trying to get the premier flight tickets, you'll end up saving big.

Look around at the different flight times and you'll see a variation in price there too. Later flights are generally cheaper than earlier flights, because most people want to get home at a decent time. That leaves a lesser demand for tickets around midnight or later, since most people want to be home and in bed by then.

Compare the prices of tickets at "peak" flying times versus the obscure times and you'll be able to find a flight that will fit your budget.

5. Use non-flight travel in your travel plans. Some times it pays to use ground transportation like the bus for shorter distances.

Let's say for example that you want to go from San Diego to Seattle. Instead of just going from one city to the other, find a bus to bring you to Los Angeles from San Diego and take the plane out from Los Angeles. You could even drive out to Sacramento and fly out from there; the flight is going to be even cheaper from there. Before you know it, you'll be saving dollars left and right.

Source by Gary Edward


Fun Games for RV Trips

When you’re on the road for an RV trip, you spend a lot of time, well, on the road. While an RV affords more entertainment opportunities, and space, than a typical road trip in a smaller vehicle, those hours can still leave your passengers pining for things to do. Here are several ideas of ways you can pass the time between destinations:

Alphabet Game

This tried-and-true classic inspires friendly competition and requires enough focus to keep RV occupants riveted on passing signs, etc. This game can be played a couple different ways. In one version, you start with A and have to find a word (on passing billboards, road signs, etc) that begins with the letter A. The same word cannot be used again by another player. After finding an A word, you move on to B — whoever gets through Z first, wins! Other versions simplify the game by allowing you to find the letter anywhere, not just at the beginning of a word. In this version, you can find the letters on license plates as well.

Card Games

Whether you opt for gin rummy or go fish, an RV is ideal for playing card games because, unlike other vehicles, you have table space! Poker and black jack will go over well with older crowds, while younger players can enjoy simpler games like slap jack and memory. If you’re tired of traditional games, pick a target and see who can throw the most cards into the trash can, etc. Flicking cards effectively is more difficult than you’d expect — and it’s addicting to try and perfect your technique. Also, an RV trip is a good a time as any to bust out all your old card tricks — your audience is captive, after all.

I Spy

This one is a good way to stay entertained while still enjoying the passing scenery. Each player takes a turn choosing an object outside and gives a clue, such as, “I spy something green.” Players take turns guessing what the object is until someone gets it right, and whoever guesses correctly gets to pick the next object. Be careful though — if you don’t pick a larger object in the distance, it’s likely to pass too quickly for anyone to guess it. If you run out of larger choices, you can choose things inside the RV.

Cow Counting

If you’re in cow country, start counting! Assign players to face different windows, set a time limit, and see who can spot the most cows. No livestock around? Pick whatever fits for the region you’re in — a certain kind of tree or cactus, oil drills, airplanes, etc. Spice this game up by adding a prize for the team that gets the highest count before the time runs out. Nothing compels people quite like the promise of an ice cream cone or the right to choose the afternoon movie.

License Plate Acronyms

Aside from making the cars around you paranoid, writing down passing license plate numbers can provide an entertaining and creative activity. Using the letters from the license plates, see how many funny and witty phrases you can come up with using the letters as an acronym. Bonus points if you manage to include the numbers in the phrase!

Car Shopping

There are two ways you can play this game. In the first version, you pick a time limit and each player has to view the passing cars and decide which one they want to “own.” Whoever calls a car first gets it, but once you call one you can’t change your answer. Be careful — if you hold out until the end, you might get stuck with the last old beater you see before time runs out. At the end, you can either debate about whose car is best or let someone who didn’t play choose the winner. Another way to play this game is to have each player select a type of car. During the predetermined time limit, see who can find the most of his or her type of car on the road around you.

Any of the above games should be winners with your RV crowd — but you’re less likely to enjoy them if you’re dealing with setbacks or RV trouble. If heading through Arizona, get everything checked at a Phoenix RV service location so you can have as much peace of mind as possible during the 25th round of I Spy.

Source by Katie E Hawkes


Know When to Book a Cheap International Flight Ticket

Many travelers dream to travel to a foreign country. However, the soaring prices of international flights scare them and they drop the idea to visit a tourist destination abroad. The times have changed now. The increasing popularity of the tourist attractions spread across the world has led to a strong competition among the travel services companies who offer cheap flight tickets. You can plan a vacation to Rome, Paris, London, Shanghai, Beijing or any other place of the world because you can easily book flight tickets online.

Internet has opened the gateway to book online tickets and sitting in the comfort of your home you can search for flights to your destination and also compare prices of different airlines. Usually the travel sites that offer cheap international flight tickets are powered with advanced software which enables you to enter the destination name, time and date of travel to view a long list of international flights. In order to pick the cheapest international flight, you have to know some tricks of when cheap tickets are offered.

The airfare of international flight tickets change daily. You need to keep a watch regularly by browsing through the net and reading the reviews, following the blogs and collecting travel information from different travel sites. As there are so many sites you can easily get all the information readily available in the internet. You can in fact sign up with a good travel site or subscribe to their newsletter to get the airfares direct to your mail box.

Once you enhance your skills to find cheap international airfare, you can know when exactly the price falls. You will be able to bargain for the cheapest flight deals by knowing at what time you can get cheap tickets. Traveling at odd time can reduce the airfare and also in the off seasons you can avail such offers. However, you have to be vigilant enough in finding when prices fall and when you can book cheap international flights.

Some airlines offer cheap tickets on some special days of the week but do not advertise about it. You have to keep track of these offers and plan your trip accordingly. Also the time when you call to book a ticket is important because after midnight the first call is usually given a discount. You have to therefore try calling just after 12 pm to book cheap international flight tickets. This happens because the airlines update their computerized ticket booking system in the midnight on a daily basis.

You should also try not to book international flights at weekends. Usually many travelers book their tickets in the week ends. If you want discount tickets then you should go for some other day of the week other than week ends. Therefore to avail cheapest flight deals you have to consider the time when you purchase your ticket.

Source by Symonds Brawn


Rabbit Fur

We all know about the adorable aesthetics of rabbits. At present, eight genera of rabbits are to be found in the world, of which the Amami rabbit of Japan already faces extinction. They are known for having fuzzy pelts and fine hair that may be commercially used to create fur products.

In addition, rabbits are known for being extremely meek and relatively slower mammals that can hardly protect themselves from the various attacks that are posed on them. Their essential harmless nature makes them an easy victim of the worldwide animal fur industry. In fact, it has been accurately surmised that rabbit fur constitutes the fastest growing part of the worldwide fur trade. This proves to be a deplorable statistic end to one of the most playful and innocent animals that nature has on offer.

In the wild, rabbits frequent the meadows, grasslands, and other landscapes that have ample provisions for their survival. This makes rabbit warrens very easy to locate. Their underground burrows also alert hunters about their nesting extent. Owing to the fact that they usually live in packs, situating a single rabbit hole proves to be very lucrative for these hunters, as they can capture multiple rabbits from a single warren or interconnected ones.

The majority of the rabbit population is found in North America. This makes this continent one of the major producer and exporter of rabbit fur in the world. Along with North America, many European nations also pride themselves with the vain statistics of being a major player in the global rabbit fur industry.

Since a rabbit has a petite anatomy, about 30 to 40 rabbits need to be slaughtered to produce an average fur coat. Such a despicable fact places much pressure on wild-rabbit hunters. Consequently, extensive rabbit fur farms have cropped up in several parts of the world. Herein, rabbits are especially bred in torturous circumstances, just so that they can whet the cruel appetites of some superficial fashionista.

As far as commercial fur farming is concerned, the genus of rabbits that is most in demand is that of the Rex rabbits. Rex Rabbits may be of two kinds. While the Castor Rex exhibits a brownish color, and is the more expensive variety, the Chinchilla Rex provides the cheaper alternative. Other than these, another breed that has also proved to be highly popular is that of the Orylag rabbits, which are especially farmed in France for their fur as well as their meat.

This is a truly horrid instance of animal cruelty at its worst. In fact, mortality rates in rabbit farms happen to be very high. While the Rex rabbits exhibit a mortality rate of 10 to 15%, the mortality rate among Orylag rabbits is as high as 25 to 35%.

Countless ordeals and traumas are in store for these harmless rabbits in fur farms. In a rabbit fur farm, breeding rabbits are managed for 3 years. During this time, they are forced to reproduce at least twice a year. After the birth of their kits, the mother rabbits are forcibly separated from their offspring within 4 weeks. Such separations are continued for lengthy periods of time. In fact, mothers are only permitted to enter the nursing area during unstable feeding times. Such malicious partitions, which go against the natural course of mammary nursing, put the mothers under a great deal of stress. As a result, it is not uncommon for mother rabbits to show symptoms of derangement that might at times manifest itself in the form of cannibalism, wherein the mother may eat her young.

The fate of the children is also as horrible as that of their mothers. Whatever be their kind, all breeds of this helpless mammal are kept in abominable conditions. They are restrained in bare wire mesh cages that are too small to allow them the liberty to move about freely – something that they are instinctively programmed to do because of their natural reflexes. In fact, the cages for single rabbits have the measly dimension of about two shoeboxes. Sometimes as many as 12 rabbits are crammed into an enclosure that is only a third larger than the aforementioned single-rabbit cage size.

Owing to such poor and inhuman living conditions, many rabbits develop spinal deformations, broken bones, and appalling skin lesions. Further, the mesh flooring of the cages creates sore hocks, and other infectious paw injuries. Many of them are also afflicted by respiratory diseases, caused by poor ventilation. As a result, a considerable percentage of the rabbits lose their lives, much before reaching the slaughterhouse.

The slaughterhouse, in itself, is the representative vortex of inexcusable animal cruelty. These animals are often killed by incurring blows with heavy sticks before their throats are slits. At other places, these naturally docile and helpless animals are stunned by electric instruments. In view of the horrific way in which multiple rabbits are restrained in vertically piled crates, as they watch their brethren being slaughtered, while they, themselves, writhe and bleed in rabbit excrements, these fur farms can be rightly equated with modern day animal torture chambers.

While the Rex variety of rabbits are more common in the world, the more exclusive and expensive rabbit furs that adorn the wardrobe of the rich and famous are actually extracted from Orylag rabbits. These rabbits are the products of 15 years of genetic engineering endeavor that was undertaken by the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA).

The fur of these rabbits is known for being softer, shinier, and more resistant to the ravages of natural elements. Owing to this, these rabbits are only bred in a select few farms in France that maintain strict standards of quality. From here on, they are often transported to the design studios of some of the biggest fashion labels in the world.

The Orylag mothers are known for producing 7 – 12 babies at a time. After she has reproduced, she goes through forcible artificial insemination after only a few days.

Though such rabbits are considered to be bred in ethically acceptable conditions, they are, in fact, subjected to the very same kind of ruthless treatment that their Rex counterparts experience. Like the Rex rabbits, the Orylag rabbits are also separated from their mothers at four weeks. From this time until till their seventh week, they live with their siblings. Finally, they are placed in solitary cages, so as to prevent fighting (a physical manifestation of their psychological distress) and damage to their pelts. Once they are about 20 weeks old, they are slaughtered in cold blood.

There is little awareness among people about the conditions at rabbit fur farms. Even if many people know about the consequences of their fur purchases, very few of them have the conscience to say ‘NO’ to such products. This is evidenced in the fact that the rabbit fur sales have grown over the years.

While traders continue with their mad lust for money, countless rabbits are being killed to satiate the growing demands of this industry. With a gradual decrease in the production costs, it is estimated that rabbit fur sales are only going to escalate. This can only project a grim future for these social and endearing mammals.

Source by Shenita Etwaroo


Man Boobs – What’s The Deal With Puffy Nipples?

Puffy nipples in men are a common non medical term for Gynecomastia. Normally the puffy nipples are part of the breast distortion that stems from the Gynecomastia. The puffy nipples can take on many different forms but generally is nothing more than a distortion of the nipples and areola area. When the nipples are stimulated they tend to tighten and push the nipple upward but when not stimulated it allows the shape of a pointed nipple and areola in which the fats ruins the pectoral contour. Insufficient or defective testosterone or an unbalance of hormones like Estrogen and Prolactin can cause female looking breast and puffy nipples in men.

Puffy nipples affect about 1/3 of the male population. They are unattractive and can indeed cause a male to suffer from very low self esteem. The good news is that men do not have to just accept the fact that they have bulging nipples and they no longer need to suffer if they are embarrassed by them. There are both hormonal and corrective surgery options available. Hormonal treatment, which is non surgical can only work for some males but surgery will work for all of the males regardless of the cause behind their puffy nipples. There are two different glands that can be responsible for the puffy nipples, glandular or fat tissues. Although both can be corrected through surgical efforts, the procedure will vary depending on the cause. However, either procedure requires only a small incision that will eventually blend right in around the nipple area.

Some men have puffy nipples simply because they are overweight. If this is the case then no surgery is required but instead a doctor would recommend a good diet and a well rounded exercise plan. Also in males that are going through or who have just gone through puberty, this condition will go away on its own with no need for any treatment. But for those males who find that their puffy nipples have not gone away and they are embarrassed by them, even perhaps avoiding any activity that requires taking of your shirt, then you can reach out for help as it is available.

The surgical route is a cure all although it can be expensive, it is also a guarantee. It is cosmetic in nature and is conducted on an outpatient basis. The recovery period is slight and males can normally return to work with two weeks at the most. The technique that is most often used is liposuction and there are minimal incisions with very little, if any, scarring. If you have to or want to opt out of surgery then diet, exercise, and over the counter natural and herbal remedies may help as well. Remember, this condition is mainly fatty deposits around your breasts so exercise along with diet will help to tighten up those chest muscles providing a much firmer and flatter chest region. In combination with the herbal supplements, the results will not be quite as fast but they will work if you stick with it.

Source by Trevor Berly


How to Choose a Realtor – 7 Questions to Ask Your Real Estate Agent

Buying or selling real estate is probably the most significant transaction you’ll ever make in your life. That’s why it’s important to choose the best Realtor to help you achieve this goal. But before you hire the services of a real estate agent, there are important factors to consider.

Many people have the perception that all real estate agents are the same. Some sign with the first one that comes along. Unfortunately, they realize later on that they should have been more selective before signing an agreement. To guide you in choosing the best Realtor for your needs, below are seven questions to ask your prospective real estate agent.

1) What is your experience in real estate?

The first thing you need to ask a real estate agent is how long they’ve been in the real estate business. It doesn’t mean that you cannot enlist the services of newly licensed real estate agents. Just keep in mind that those who have years of experience under their belts are probably more knowledgeable on what to do, from listing to closing. Aside from the number of years in the business, ask them what segment of real estate they focus on – residential, commercial, luxury, etc. Find out if he/she is primarily a listing agent or a buyer’s agent (or both). Familiarity with the market is also essential, so ask what geographic areas the agent usually covers. You can even dig deeper by asking if the agent has received any awards for outstanding performance.

2) How many and what types of properties have you listed and sold in the past year?

It’s one of the most important questions you should ask a real estate agent. The number of properties he or she has listed and sold in the past year is a valuable indicator how good a real estate professional is in getting the job done. Take note that this question consists of two parts: properties listed and properties sold. Agents may demonstrate their ability to list homes; however, the more important thing is the sales part – the ability to close deals. If they have many properties listed and sold in the past year, it shows that whatever strategy the agent is using, it’s certainly working.

3) What was the average sales price for the properties you’ve sold over the last year?

Asking this will give you an idea in what kind of market the agent specializes. Find out if the real estate professional has experience selling properties in the price range you’re listing at. If a majority of properties sold falls on the low-end market segment, it might take longer for the agent to sell if yours is a higher-end home. Although agents can sell any property regardless of price range, it’s likely that they will have better success in the market and price segments in which they have the most experience.

4) What is your average sale to list price ratio?

The sale to list price ratio (sometimes called the sale-to-list or list-to-sale ratio) is the final sales price divided by the listing price, expressed as a percentage. If it is 100%, it means the sales price was equal to the list price. You can view this ratio in two ways. A skilled listing agent can negotiate sales prices that are equal or close to the list price, and sometimes even greater in a very competitive market. So ideally, listing agents should have sale to list price ratios closer to 100%. On the other side of the coin, a good buyer’s agent can often negotiate a sales price that is lower than the list price. Therefore, buyer’s agent ratios ideally should be lower than 99%.

5) What marketing strategies will you use?

Deciding on what strategies to use can spell the difference between success and failure. A poor marketing strategy will diminish the chances for success. Do your own due diligence by asking how the agent will sell your property. There are lots of options – staging, open houses, joint marketing, print advertising, and of course, online marketing. Whatever approaches are used, they should be designed to bring in the highest number of qualified potential buyers. Higher end properties can also often benefit from professional staging. In any case, your agent should advise you on how to best prepare the property to make it the most attractive to potential buyers.

6) Can you give me some references?

Reputation is important in this line of business. Whether you’re buying or selling a property, you should ask for references (past clients). If possible, call a few and ask them about their experiences with the agent. Were they pleased with the service provided? Also ask if they are in any way related to the agent. A list of references made up of friends or relatives generally won’t provide an objective assessment of the agent’s qualifications.

7) Do you offer any type of guarantee, and will you let me out of my contract early if I am not satisfied with your service?

You can’t say with certainty how things will go, even if you did your due diligence. For this reason, you should ensure that you’re prepared for any eventuality. If you sign a contract and later find that you’re not satisfied with the service, will the agent allow you to cancel the agreement? If things don’t work out the way they’re supposed to, you should have the freedom to choose another agent who can deliver better results.

As you can see, there are many things to consider when choosing a real estate agent. Finding and interviewing Realtors can be a very time-consuming and laborious task. However, now armed with these seven questions, you are on your way in choosing the best Realtor for your needs.

Source by Charles A. Kush III


The Advantages of a Travel Agent Business Opportunity

If you are looking for a new career in the travel industry, then first you may want to consider a travel agent business opportunity. There are many reasons that this type of career may be a great one for you. First of all, if you enjoy travel, then you will surely love the job. Travel agents usually take care of the details involved with planning vacations and travel adventures for others. They are also able to get some pretty sweet deals on travel arrangements for themselves as well!

You may wonder what you are likely to make when you work in this field. Well, that is entirely up to you and how much you choose to put into the career. If you are working to make a decent living, then you will want to put some effort into it. Most of the time, the amount of money that you will make will be dependent on the amount of knowledge and experience that you have in the subject. It will also depend on the qualifications that you have obtained. The best part about it is the fact that you will be working in a fast-paced and rewarding field, and if you love travel, then you are a head above the rest!

A travel agent business opportunity may be just the thing for you if you have an interest in traveling and the many other exciting aspects that come along with it. You will likely be able to travel to other areas and still make money while you are at it! Sometimes, when you are working in this field, you will find yourself spending a significant amount of time working away from home. This is something that you should prepare yourself for you to decide to go for this type of career.

Source by Damon Jennings


The Sport of Cheerleading and Its Evolution

Before cheerleading became an integral part of professional sports as a way to help fans cheer on their team, it had its beginnings at the collegiate level. Through many decades it has evolved not only as a competitive sport in its own right, but has served as an emissary to bring attention to charitable causes and offer support in a variety of ways.

Cheerleading had its origins at the University of Minnesota. The very first cheerleader was a University of Minnesota student named Johnny Campbell. During a football game he stirred up the crowd by cheering, “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-u-mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-so-Tah!” The date was November 2, 1898. The university later put together a cheering squad made up of six male students who continued using Campbell’s original cheer. Although cheerleaders were originally all-male squads, by 1923 females were being incorporated and eventually made up the majority of participants. Cheerleading soon began including routines such as tumbling, gymnastics, and the use of megaphones during football games.

In 1948, a former cheerleader at Southern Methodist University named, Lawrence Herkimer, formed the National Cheerleaders Association. It was created to hold cheerleading clinics, and by the 1960’s, college cheerleaders hosted workshops across the nation teaching the fundamentals of cheering to teenage girls in High School. In 1965, Fred Gastoff, invented the vinyl pom-pon which was introduced in competitions hosted by the International Cheerleading Foundation. Today it is known as the World Cheerleading Association. Organized cheerleading competitions sprouted everywhere until 1978 when CBS broadcast the first Collegiate Cheerleading Championships, bringing wider attention to the sport. Although cheerleading rarely got much attention during the 1960’s, and cheerleaders were not exactly a reason to watch football, what did begin to emerge were organized professional cheerleading teams.

Before they became the famed Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, the Dallas Cowboys had a cheer squad made up of male-female high school students called CowBelles & Beaux. During the 1970 football season, Cowboys manager, Tex Schramm, decided to completely overhaul the cheerleaders, making them an all-female squad over the age of 18, redesigning the uniforms, creating new dance style cheer routines, and forming an overall sexier look in hopes of boosting attendance. The women not only had to be attractive and have athletic abilities when they auditioned, they also needed to possess raw talent as performers. The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders made their first appearance on the sidelines during the 1972-1973 NFL seasons. Since then, they have appeared on many television shows, toured throughout the U.S. and overseas, and have made regular appearances in the USO tours to support our troops.

Modern cheerleading has changed dramatically from its original function of spurring an audience to show their support for the team. It has become a sport in itself, competing outside of sporting events as well. Cheerleaders are found in most American middle schools, high schools, and colleges with organized squads made up of students. Cheerleading scholarships are even offered by colleges that compete at cheerleading competitions.

Cheerleading squads began to emerge in the 1980’s that didn’t have an association with a school or sports league. Their main objective was solely competition. Divisions and teams were created and sponsored by many different organizations and companies. The competitions are judged based on the difficulty and execution of the routines that include jumps, stunts, tumbling, creativity, showmanship, synchronization, and overall routine performance. These all-star team competitions are broadcast to global audiences that have led to thousands of cheerleading participants from countries worldwide.

Professional cheerleading has taken cheerleaders beyond the sphere of cheering at games. It has broadened their horizons doing charity work and philanthropy, television performances, advertising, modeling, and motivational speaking. Cheerleading has come a long way.

Source by Anna Kelly


Hire International SIM Card to Reduce Roaming Charges

While you are planning an international trip, you must have a set budget to arrange your flight tickets, hotel, transportation and other expenses. There are many travel agents that offer exclusive travel packages but it is still a costly affair.

In such a scenario, it is difficult to keep a portion of your budget to fulfill your international communication needs. Many people prefer to use their local number during their overseas trip. However, using local number at an international location incurs huge roaming expenses. Therefore, the international SIM cards are becoming popular that reduces your roaming approximately approximately 80%.

If you are traveling to a foreign location, you can hire a telecom solution that ensures uninterrupted connectivity during your trip. Some of the key highlights of taking international SIM service for your trip are:

  1. Take local number of destination country on rent before your departure
  2. Share your number with local people before your travel
  3. Enjoy incoming and outgoing local / international calls
  4. No botheration to recharge your SIM card
  5. Attend all important calls without worrying about balance
  6. Avoid all unwanted calls that you may receive on your local number
  7. Frequent flyers can also reserve the same number for every trip
  8. Make payment after you return from the trip
  9. Track all outgoing calls
  10. Save on Forex by paying on your national currency

To help you arrange a SIM card, there are many telecom service providers that have different telecom solutions to meet your specific travel needs. Depending on the country of your travel, you can also share your requirements with telecom experts so that they can suggest you the right plan. In case your travel plan includes more than one destination, they can even share a solution wherein a single SIM card can be used in multiple locations.

In some of the plans, you can also enjoy free incoming calls, add-on services, low cost international calls etc. Considering the competition scenario, there are also value-add services available that complement your travel solution. For instance, if the telecom company is offering complimentary travel insurance with SIM cards, so you would not have to spend additional amount on such an essential travel requirement. Here, it is important to understand all the plans available before selecting the right plan.

By replacing your international roaming SIM Card, you would be able to stay connected with people back in your home country and also save on calling expenses.

Source by Adems Poll


Routes & Trains in the United States of America

Before we get to the routes across America let's have a look at what to expect ..

Well before that let me ask you a question.

Why do kids wave at trains?

Films, Legends, Scandals, Stories and Songs are among those that have created a sense of adventure with train travel. And that is the adventurous side of us. So kids wave at trains. You most probably did the same as a child.

I remember doing it with trains but not buses or planes.

Cross the Mississippi. Call in at Dodge City. Watch the steers on the Kansas Plains. Ride along the Pacific or Atlantic Oceans. Explore the Rockies. Watch a movie. Go to the bar for a drink. Cross deserts and rivers and you can do this all by train.

On top of that. Stretch your legs, have a walk right down the train to the front or back. Enjoy a meal. Have a snooze. Read a book and spend quality time with your children. Kids just love trains. Think about that one.

Last night 3rd December 2006 I was returning from France on Eurostar. I noticed a family, Mom Dad 5 kids, various ages. The eldest with headphones on but not in the least bit bothered about the siblings asking him questions. They were either writing, drawing, talking to Mom or Dad.

Mom dishing out the food and very organized. Dad holding the little one and feeding him bits. And that was coming to the end of only a 5 hour journey. How much did they learn?

We all know travels broadens the mind.

Amtrak is known to be extremely helpful. Their attendants pamper you no end. You have spacious reclining seating in air conditioning carriages, which even have observation domes.

Your whole journey becomes a magnificent picture. Framed in your memory. I know I still remember my travels across America so many years later and know they will never leave me.

I have advocated train travel for years and years.

It's fun.

It's an adventure.

Its learning.

It's an experience.

You will not suffer from jetlag.

It's a holiday on its own. Spend a day here and there. As you choose.

Here's more. There's a lot less pollution from trains, especially from planes

On a more sombre note. I hope that any of you reading this, who have a bad experience with other forms of travel, realize by reading the articles on my site now know …….

You can travel the world without a plane

Let the train take the strain.

All Aboard

All name trains preceded by the word "The" ie "The Cardinal"

Adirondack New York – Montreal

California Zephyr Chicago – Emeryville (For San Francisco)

Capitol Limited Washington – Chicago

Cardinal New York – Chicago

City of New Orleans Chicago – New Orleans

Coast Starlight Seattle – Los Angeles

Crescent New York – New Orleans

Empire Builder Chicago – Seattle

Empire Builder Spokane – Portland

Lake Shore Limited Boston / New York – Chicago

Maple Leaf New York – Toronto

Northeast Corridor Boston – Newport News

Northeast Corridor Boston – Washington

Northeast Corridor New Haven – Springfield (for Boston)

Pacific Surfliner Los Angeles – San Diego

Pennsylvanian New York – Pittsburgh

San Joaquin's San Francisco – Bakersfield

Silver Star New York – Miami

Silver Meteor New York – Miami

Southwest Chief Chicago – Los Angeles

Sunset Limited Orlando – Los Angeles

Texas Eagle Chicago – San Antonio (for Los Angeles)

Vermonter Washington – St Albans (for Montreal)


Source by Barry Sheppard


Buy Cheap Flowers

Have you ever wanted to show someone that you care about them only by sending flowers only to find out that a bouquet could cost you an arm and a leg? If you are looking to buy cheap flowers, then you have come to the right place. Remember that just because flowers are cheap, does not mean that they are any worse than the overly expensive ones. In fact, if you really wanted to, you could find some great deals online that are literally unbeatable.

Back in the days before the advent of the internet, if you wanted to buy cheap flowers, you'd have to go to the floral shop and buy the ones that were already wilting and dying. Then you were seriously expected to give these to a friend or loved one. You no longer have to do that. With the internet, businesses are able to let you buy cheap flowers online and they will even deliver them for you. Most good bouquets will cost from $ 30- $ 120 + on a regular day, sometimes more on holidays. Now, with a little bit of searching, you can find good bouquets for a quarter of that price, and prices remain the same year round without gouging during holidays.

Whenever you buy cheap flowers online, there are other things to keep in mind. Are the flowers real or fake? Some web sites will present fake flowers in a way that you would assume that they are real, you order them and then you get horribly disappointed. Also, when ordering flowers online there may be some restrictions on what you can send. For example, some potted flowers are not allowed in California for local reasons. Be sure you read the fine print to see if everything will be delivered okay. Another thing to consider is that when you buy cheap flowers online, delivery may take a little longer than usual. Part of the price you pay for premium flowers comes from delivery charges. Thus, lower price could be a sign of slower delivery. This is not always going to be the case, but check and make sure. You do not want to send Mothers Day flowers and have them arrive two days late, do you?

Now that you know how to buy cheap flowers online, go out and place your order with any company that looks accredited. Give people the statement that even though money is tight, you still care about them.

Source by Mikee Dunn


Top 5 Best Flash Websites Ever

5: NEOSTREAM Interactive

This is a great multimedia company with very nice animations. The preloader is great to watch and when it’s finished the fun really begins. The main figure on the page waits when you press a button but it’s so much fun to wait a second and hit the figure with your mouse a few times. If you’re ready (after a few minutes hitting), press a button and watch all the different animations. Because of the nice animations I had to click all the links one by one. A very nice flash website which deserves a number 5 place.

4: 2Advanced Studios

Who doesn’t know this website. I guess this is the most discussed website ever. Maybe most people think this is number 1 ever but I think differently because they didn’t update the site graphics for a long time. I think they need a new update with a complete new style and layout. Still, the idea and graphics are fabulous. Also the scripting behind it is advanced and nicely done. It loads very fast for a huge site like this one. Love this one, definitely a number 4 position in my top 5 best flash websites ever.

3: IamStudios

Yeah a dutch company in the list. Welcome to, a really original concept and layout. When you enter the website, you see a fun 3d animation of a dog with a speakerhead. After you clicked on the button that you use to enter the flash website, the dog starts animating (very smooth). When the site is loaded, each button gives you a wonderful animation. I really love the 3d work here and the beautiful “white” look. I’m really proud this site comes from the Netherlands. The overall look is very impressive so a number 3 for this doggy.

2: DerBauer Audio Visual Media

Welcome to DerBauer, a website from Marcus Bussejahn. This classic website is one of the best websites I’ve ever seen, actually THE BEST but unfortunately I don’t really like the latest layout. Especially the menu doesn’t look great in my opinion. 5 years ago derbauer was unique and original. Nowadays there are much better ones but because of it’s history and quality it’s for sure a number 2 position. BTW, when you opened the site, there is an Easter egg when you do nothing for a few minutes, very nice! Are you afraid?

1: MGM Grand Entertainment

I know….this site is not famous and perhaps you don’t like it but I think this site is so original that I had to put it on number one! Enter the world of MGM Grand. Press the “Enter Maximum Vegas” button and start the tour. This is not really a flash animation site but a flash video site. With Adobe Flash 8 and later, it’s easy to integrate video in your website. MGM did it in a special way. They shot one video animation and loops it. You can stop the video with the navigation on the lower right corner. When you do that, the video fast forward to the certain location and stops the video there. Then the flash animation comes into place and you can read the information. I never saw this concept before. This is my best site ever, a really 2008 website made with the latest technology available for websites these days.

Source by Mark Baselier


The Challenge of Authenticity

It's trash day!

Time to sort through your head for beliefs that have been hanging around in there since you were itty bitty.

Time to figure out whether the beliefs rattling around in your head are really working well for you, and if they continue to guide you in making good decisions in your life.
Perhaps some s'plaining … and an example of what I'm talking about …

I've been a professional in my community for over 20 years, and have done my share of business networking, become visible, reliable … profitable, and grow my business!

You know … by standing around in a room full of other professionals … trying not to look like a vulture … or inversely … trying not to look like a scared little bunny rabbit … and not get ateen by one of the vultures that surround you!

Several years ago a self-proclaimed networking "guru" told me in order to be successful in the business / professional world what I needed was a business suit and a good pair of heels!

So I tried that strategy for several years. I tried hard to believe I was someone other than who my gut told me I was, and all I can say is …

The business strategy not only did not work well for me, but I never felt in any way authentic while I was practicing it, and it resolved in bi-lateral bunion and hammer-toe surgery to repair the damage done to my feet by the heels !

And there's the key!

Authenticity …

Authentic definition at, a free online dictionary

not false or copied; genuine ; real


I am, in fact, a hippie from the sixties and my style is earthy, goddess, old crone … Babba Yaga … if you get my drift!

It is so, so, so important to stay true to who you are in how you live your life, and the decisions you make for yourself! And in order to do that, it's necessary to take stock of what you think about who you are and what fits for you so you can be authentically who you choose to be!

That requires being aware of the beliefs you habitually hold, weeding through them, and tossing out the ones that do not serve your needs and do not apply to you anymore!

What do you believe? Have you checked out quite what is roaming around upstairs in your thinking, an figured out whatever what you think and believe is congruent with who you are?
Time to take out the trash!

Coach Char

Source by Char Elle En


Free HTML Email Newsletter Templates

So when you are searching for free HTML email newsletter templates for your ezine, you may have noticed you come across various tips and resources online. The only challenge is, some of these resources are not helpful at all, and some others are like a goldmine.

So how can you sort out through so many websites and resources, and find out the best quality HTML newsletter designs – for free?

The good news is, this helpful guide is going to help you discover top 3 easy techniques to choose the best design for your newsletter – in little or no time. Depending on the topic your newsletter is about, how familiar you are with HTML and online publishing, and a few other factors, you can easily choose the method that suits your interests the best.

Idea # 1: Download Ready Free Newsletter Layouts Online

When you do a simple search online in Google, you will find many websites that provide you with ready-made printable or downloadable email template templates that you can download and start using instantly.

The great part is, most of these resources are free. So you can save a lot of time and money by simply using the designs they have available for you.

But in many cases, you can notice those designs are too simple, outdated, or commonly used by hundreds of other newsletter publishers. So then you can use this next idea to get a more unique and professional design …

Idea # 2: Convert Your Own Template from an Interesting Website Design

Now this is a little secret that you see no one telling you these days. Did you know that you can simply create an easy newsletter templates … from any website design that interests you?

That's right. Next time you come across a website that you like the design, you can simply save it as an HTML file, and then use it as the basic template for your email newsletter.

It is that easy. And if you'd like to follow the copyright rules religiously and protect yourself, you can simply do a little bit editing on the website layout and add your own header, footer, logo, and a few other simple changes to make it look unique.

Idea # 3: Hire a Professional to Design Your Own Template

If your brand is highly important to you, it is always a good possible idea to hire a professional designer to create your own unique newsletter layout.

Although this will cost you a few hundred dollars at least, but if having a perfectly unique design is very important to you and you do not have any HTML skills to work on a previous available template, this might be the way to go.

One final note is, HTML newsletters are a bit tricky to publish, so that your content and design will look exactly how you intend – on your subscribers' various computer systems, email clients, and web browsers.

So if you would like to make things simpler and save yourself the hassle, you can always choose one of the other popular easy newsletter formats – like PDF or plain text. This will save you a lot of time in the long term.

Source by Ladan Lashkari


Cruise Vacations Vs Ordinary Vacations

Cruise vacations are becoming more and more popular with each passing year. Years ago cruises were viewed as the ultimate luxury vacation, only enjoyed by the fabulously wealthy, or by cruise groups of senior citizens who had been saving for a cruise all of their lives. These days, quite the opposite is true. The cost of a seven day cruise vacation is comparable to a seven day vacation on to many other land destinations, especially when you consider all of the extras and inclusions that you get on an all-inclusive cruise vacation. Below are a few examples of how cruise vacations differ from the normal vacation getaway.

Cost of Cruise Vacations vs. Ordinary Vacations

When dealing with the cost of a vacation, a cruise vacation compares very favorably with most land-based vacations. When you book a cruise vacation, your fee's will include your lodging, all of your meals, as well as many daily activities that would cost extra if you took a typical land-based vacation. On land vacations you usually initially just pay for travel and hotel, having to add on daily meals and extra activities. Once you start factoring in the cost of gasoline for travel, restaurant meals and admission fees to parks and other excursions, you almost always come ahead ahead by booking a cruise instead.

The Food is Fabulous!

When you go on a non-cruise vacation, you are usually on your own as far as food is concerned. Since you will be eating at various restaurants, you are at the mercy of a different chef every time, and you can never be sure of the quality of the service or the food. On cruise ships, however, the food is considered one of the best aspects of the entire trip. You will have plenty of choices for your meals from traditional dining room fare to pizza and burgers at a dockside café. You can literally graze your way through the entire day, starting with poolside breakfast buffets and ending with a midnight snack in a cozy bistro or in your room. You will never go hungry on a cruise, for anytime you need food it will be there for you.

And Then There is the Service …

Your cruise staff is dedicated to ensuring that you are treated like royalty the next time you are under their care. Eating in the ship's dining room is comparable to dining at a world-class restaurant. The service is cheerful, unpredictable, and very friendly. If you are unhappy at all with your meal, they will happily return it to the kitchen and bring you anything else you desire. If you have special dietary considerations, the kitchen will know about them beforehand and will have made arrangements to honor them. You are not a customer on the ship, instead you are considered an honored guest.

The glorious pampering continues outside the dining room as well. You will find chocolates on your pillow at night, and your coffee made just the way you like it when you sit down to the table at breakfast. After one night your dedicated wait staff will know you and your family, including your likes and dislikes. If you want anything at all, all you need to do is locate a cruise attendant and chances are they will arrange for it to be delivered to you as soon as possible.

Cruises Make Vacationing Easy

Remember those long car rides with your children in the back seat poking each other and growing crankier the longer you were in the car? You will never have to worry about that on a cruise vacation. No maps, no counting the miles to the next bathroom stop, no looking around for a decent restaurant or the next McDonald's on the side of the road. When you are on a cruise, all the planning is done for you. All you have to do is sit back and relax, and decide which of the dozens of activities they have to offer you want to enjoy.

Cruise ships offer an incredible variety of activities to participate in. The newest ships are floating resort cities. You can drift from activity to activity depending on your mood and vacation style. Even better, cruise vacations offer something for everyone. If you have ever tried to put together a vacation that will please your sports-loving husband, your adventurous son, your shopaholic daughter, and your own delight in experiencing the best foods of the world, you will really appreciate a cruise vacation. Your kids can enjoy a morning at a deck side water park complete with water slides and wave pools while you relax at the shipboard spa with a top-of-the-line massage. You can golf, gamble, hike, and climb rock walls all before you even add in the on-shore excursions.

Whether you choose a leisurely cruise to smaller islands, or an adventurous cruise that takes you on a tour of the Alaskan coast, a cruise vacation simply ca not be beat for cost, convenience or pure fun. When you book a cruise vacation, you are booking an exciting getaway where the world does not interfere with all of its problems and inconveniences.

If you have never considered a cruise before, this is the year to check it out. With the economic turmoil, most cruise lines are going all out to offer tempting deals to attract vacationers of all kinds. Shop around online and take a look at all the options and advantages that a cruise vacation offers.

Source by Brians Jenkins